Mechanics is a area of physics which is related to the movement of solid bodys caused by applied forces. Since mechanical phenomena can be found easily in every days life, people were thinking about the nature of these phenomena since ancient times and found fundamental correlations between time and space. Typical tasks in mechanics are the calculation of important physical quantities like velocity, distance or acceleration of a moving body like a car. But also problems on larger lengthscales are included in mechanics like the description of the movement of planets or other celestial bodies. Fundamental breakthroughs in the theory of mechanics were achieved in the early modern age by physicists like Isaac Newton or Galileo Galilei. Furthermore, mechanics describes phenomena of fluid matter like gases or liquids and provides formulas to calculate the pressure as key parameter. In the begining of the twentyth century new phenomena regarding atoms and particles were discovered demanding for a revision of the concept of mechanics. On small lengthscales the classical mechanics does not hold anymore which led to the development of the quantum mechanics.